I have been quite lucky in my recent research. I have deduced that the reason why Val D’Aran, Spain, has the Y-chromosome haplogroup R-M167 maximum is because a lot of the population descends from Guillaume de Nogaret, keeper of the seal of Philip the Fair, who gained these territories (1313) for his services slapping the pope Boniface VIII around (PS I’m not a pope watcher and don’t plan to be). The Nogaret, like the Guarin, descend from Guillaume of Gellone. I can now with quite a bit of confidence claim to descend from Guarin, the “Normand” chancelor of the kingdom of Sicily under Roger II. This was in the 12th century.
(This might help explain how the name Garnaoui, a name found in Tunisia and, I suspect, also R-M167, found its way there. It’s supposedly related to the Guarneri, the famous Italian luthiers. I found the Garnaoui on internet smiley and the young Guarnaoui women are amazing. I’m also aware of Ihsan Garnaoui, a terrorist that slipped by dumb legal outfits. All is etched in spacetime consciousness. Good luck with that! William of Gellone is your ancestor)
My family was no longer Southern France Cathar. Guarin participated in the first Crusade (1095-1099) and from then on my family was associated with the Varangian guards (Englinbarrangoi) until the 14th century and kept continuous contact with the Byzantine Empire. During this period, another Guarin, de Valloire founded l’Ordre Hospitalier des Antonins’ with the Pope’s blessing. This is not a coincidence. Catharism was morphing into pharma-alchemy.
Guarino da Verona was a descendant of Guarin. He also sojourned in Constantinople and brought back many books and histories from there. He was Johannes Gutenberg’s father.
Later, my ancestor François Garin ( AKA Garon, Garonne, etc) married into the Sceva family who were very close to the Palaeologue, a past ruling dynasty of Byzantium living in Piedmont.
With a bit of luck, we of haplogroup R-M167 will be able to trace our paternal lineage to its very inception and help map out the real history of Europe.