From the Urnfield Culture to the Volcae

1300 BCE- 750 BCE The Urnfield Cuture spread across Europe including Northern Italy. The people who became the Samnites, from which I believe I come from, were now in place.

500 BCE-100 BCE La Tène Culture spread Celtic culture across most of Europe. The Italian peninsula was already thriving with R1B people and came into contact not only with the Celts of the North (also R1B) but the Greek and Carthaginian colonists of Italy. These people came from different haplogroups.

One of the foundation myths of Italy is best represented by the Capitoline Wolf statue of Remus and Romulus being raised by a she-wolf. In actual fact, this was a Samnite myth. As you will see, throughout the path my genetics took, you will often find wolf symbolism or names.

The Romans fought hard against the fierce Samnites. Three wars occurred in 343-341, 326-304 and 298-290 BCE.

This caused my ancestors to migrate westward towards France. At first, they were the Volsci of Italy. Then, moving further west, they became Volcae. Both Volsci and Volcae are derived from the word for wolf. This is true of other places such as Wales in the UK. Its my assumption that some Welsh people of my haplogroup SRY2627 or those further up the chain, are also of Samnite origin (some made it to Wales via the Normand Invasion in 1066 CE, around 1400 years later). So basically I”m proposing that SRY2627 or its parent came through via Italy, a route south of the Alps. Interestingly there was a Celtic tribe around the Garonne river ( my family name is Garon) called the Garumni and were neighbours to the Volcae. Another interesting tidbit: the Mediterranean fish sauce known as Garum was manufactured at Pompeii, a city controlled by the Samnites in the 5th century BCE.

279 BCE Battle of Thermopylae was between Greeks and confederated Gauls which included some Volcae from the Pyrenees. They proceeded to invade Delphi and move on to found Ankara in present-dayTurkey.

The Volcae were already familiar with greek culture as their neighbour in France was the Greek colony of Marsalla. There was indeed such a thing as  Gallo-Greek métissage attested by Gallo inscriptions with Greek alphabet at Nîmes.

After the battle of Thermopylae, the Volcae maintained a presence in Turkey at Ankara as well as in Germany at Trier. These people initially did not speak a German language but an Italo-Celtic one. The Volcae were a known entity within the somewhat pre-literate confederacy of the Celts from the Highlands of Caledonia to Celtic Galatia in Turkey.